A Mafia Paradise – the Ethiopian Empire

maficaFebruary 17, 2013 (Ayyaantuu.com) — A lot has been said about the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). I have devoted a significant portion of my time to break the merciless law of silence that surrounded an organized criminal group, a villain’s club and highly skilled professional criminals that call themselves a Liberation Front. These villains are intertwined based on clan, marriage, region and language to build a criminal network. The disastrous neglect by many Oromo intellectuals, the conspiracy of silence by the international community and tacit recognition of these criminals by countries that we used to perceive as the forces of order has emboldened these tyrants to commit severe human rights violations with impunity.

Truth itself obliged us to speak truth to power on a heroic scale and we are very successful in decoding the codified and ritualized control networks of this criminal group. The world is now well-informed about these criminals more than ever. What is ahead of us is a collective action to survive as a people. It is worth to note that these criminals have targeted the best and the brightest Oromos. To refresh your memory, this is what we have recently read on Gada.com: EPRDF’s Anti-Oromo Policy,Stated Government Policy

Oromo nationalism is perceived as the greatest threat to the ruling government party (the Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front – EPRDF – an umbrella party, led and dominated by the Tigrean People’s Liberation Front – (TPLF). According to the EPRDF party journal, Hizbaawi Adera [People’s Custodian], Tahsas 1989, Ethiopian Calendar [December 1996]:

“To defeat narrow nationalism … must be part of our struggle. In order to have a lasting solution to our problem … we have to break narrow nationalist tendencies in Oromia … we have to fight narrow nationalism to the bitter end … to smash it in a very decisive manner … fighting the higher intellectual and bourgeoisie classes in a very extensive and resolute manner … The standard bearers of narrow nationalism are the educated elite and the bourgeoisie. [W]e must be in a position to eradicate all narrow nationalists …” (quoted from Oromia Support Group’s report)

Although Oromo intellectuals, businesswomen and men are the prime targets of the TPLF, the uneducated Oromos are not immune to be eradicated. To significantly reduce the Oromo population, they have conscripted a large army from the uneducated population into their military. They use them as cannon fodders, as human waves to clear land mines for the TPLF military leaders in the bloody wars in conflict-ridden parts of Africa in general and in the Horn of Africa in particular. They use them as “peace keepers” in these conflict areas to earn foreign currency at the expense of peoples’ lives.

Our collective actions as a people must be geared to reverse these heinous crimes against humanity. We must collectively act as a people and dismantle these criminal networks. Before attempting to convince the world, each and every Oromo must convince her/himself to defend her/himself from genocide. We have the right to defend ourselves from such highly planned eradication and genocidal policy of this minority regime. Malthusian theorists may argue that this is necessary to control population growth but as a human rights activist I personally disagree with such very immoral and barbaric crimes against humanity.

Changing a Mafia Paradise into a Decent Society

I am asked by a very good Oromo to review and comment on the political program of the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) that was revised in October 1976. Since then, the Abyssinian colonial regimes have tried to wipe out and eradicate Oromo intellectuals and businesswomen and men by labeling them and accusing them as members, sympathizers and supporters of the OLF. They have called all names: narrow nationalists, anti-communists, separatists, secessionists, nowadays “terrorists”. They have reserved the right to themselves to call us and label us the way they think suits them best. When their bosses were in Kremlin, the appropriate label was anti-communism. After the collapse of communism, they have abandoned Marxis-Leninism to align themselves to the new world order and they had to label all Oromo higher intellectuals and businesswomen and men (bourgeoisie classes) as “terrorists”. They have neither a permanent moral center nor a standard principle. During Haile Selassie’s regime they were trying to portray themselves as elect of God. These political prostitutes are not reliable clients to either the West or the East.

It is pretty obvious why they have split the Orthodox Church into two – the first one TPLF dominated and the second one dominated by Amhara elites in exile. It is up to Oromo Christians to tell them that they don’t have a patent right to Christianity. The Muslim community has wonderfully challenged this highly immoral mafia organization. Their main objective is obvious. Mother nature has endowed Oromia with rich natural resources and they want to exploit them to the maximum.

I have reviewed the political program of the OLF and like any political programs drafted by the left-wing intellectuals that were opposing the highly oppressive and exploitative feudal monarchy and Abyssinian colonialism, there are some loaded languages and words in it. This generation has the right to uphold and preserve the huge sacrifices made by our heroines and heroes. Many precious lives were lost; many families were dispersed; a tremendous amount of property was destroyed by our enemies before and after the formation of the OLF.

I personally believe that the political program of the OLF was drafted by the best and the brightest minds of the mid 1970s. Those who survived the killings have proved their intellectual capabilities to the world and the Oromo people. Some of the wordings must be revised and I have the feeling that the following paragraph needs to be revisited according to my personal opinion:

V. Sympathizers of the Struggle

“Many peoples in the world today are engaged in anti-colonial, anti-imperialist and anti-Zionist struggles. Included in such struggles are the oppressed social strata and other progressive forces and movements in the world engaged in the struggle against feudalism, colonialism, imperialism and all forms of reaction.”

I personally think the above paragraph needs careful review and wording. I also believe that we can re-write the anti-Zionist struggles as: We support a secure and peaceful Israel living side by side peacefully with Palestine. Some may perceive such remarks as an anti-Semitic. In addition to this point, If we officially declare that we are against Imperialism, it is no wonder if Imperialist forces work against us. They actually worked against us by supporting tyranny. I think this needs careful consideration and revision by the new Oromo generation. Such loaded languages might have been the major causes behind the conspiracy of silence. Such unconditional material, moral and technical support to one of the most brutal and tyrant regimes in the world, despite the widely reported human rights violations by human rights groups, might be as a result of such loaded languages.

A stick and carrot policy was used to reward these criminals and penalize the Oromo and other freedom fighters. Some Oromo intellectuals have been scandalously trapped by this temporary reward and became collaborators to such a genocidal policy. Some of them have been disgracefully expelled after their service was no more needed by the brutal regime.

They have also criminalized dissent and denied us the right to get organized pursuant to the rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Revolutionary Democracy is the highest form of human conspiracy and an axis of immorality. Oromo advocates and scholars have successfully exposed most of the highly systemic genocidal policies of these brute forces and their former allies may no more be interested to protect and defend evil. What is good has always proved to be a winner in history and the Oromo people will soon prove again this fact to the world. What is evil is morally indefensible.

We have every right to defend ourselves from the genocidal policies of these criminal groups. We have to rise up as a people and say enough is enough. We say no to extra-judicial killings, barbaric torture in detention centers, being forced into exile against our will. We say no to land grab by the TPLF and its foreign allies. We have to say enough is enough to use our youth as cannon fodders and human waves to clear land mines for the TPLF military elites in conflict areas in the name of peace keeping.

Instead of relying on political organizations alone, we need to build our capacities and strengthen various Oromo institutions and civic organizations. Oromo intellectuals and friends of the Oromo people have managed to create a strong academic institution – the Oromo Studies Association (OSA). We need to support it and strengthen it further. Oromo media is mushrooming and the fragmented ones must come together and work under one or two major outlets. We have to stop listening to what we want to hear over and over again. Instead, we must target and reach out for our people in Oromia who are the prime targets of the TPLF. Other civic organizations such as women’s associations and youth associations need to be strengthened further under Oromo Community Organizations worldwide.

Human Rights Organizations such as Oromia Support Group (OSG), the Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA), Oromia Justice Council (OJC) and others must also be supported by the Oromo Communities and Oromo civic organizations to expose the human rights violations and genocidal policies of the TPLF regime. We have enough qualified Oromo citizens scattered around the world to run and manage these civic, community and human rights organizations. We need to form council of elders from the aging leadership guru to groom and train the Oromo youth. These councils of Oromo elders have to play an advisory role to prepare the youth for current and future challenges and leadership roles.

We also have the moral obligation to uphold high moral standards to defend our rights and the rights of other highly marginalized ethnic groups in the Horn of Africa in general and the Ethiopian Empire in particular. I am confident that our freedom does not mean the slavery of any people in the region. We must be able to promote our wonderful Gada Democracy, our culture of tolerance and respect for laws made by good and reasonable people.

Different factions of the OLF and other concerned Oromo citizens, by now, must arrive at a consensus where our collective instincts are converging. Future Oromo generations will never forgive us if we keep on failing our people by trying to hide ourselves under the umbrella of very small controllable units instead of uniting under one strong organization. It is long overdue and many concerned citizens are very much worried about the goose steps taken by Oromo political organizations. Such baby steps are no more helpful.

President of the World Bank, Jim Kim, recently wrote on Linkedin network quoting the philosopher John Dewey that “the person who really thinks learns quite as much from his failures as from his successes.” It is high time that we learn from both our failures and successes.

Kallacha W. Kune


Historical Remarks by President Obama After Winning Challenging Election 2012

By McCormick Place
Chicago, Illinois (GOV NEWS)

THE PRESIDENT: Tonight, more than 200 years after a former colony won the right to determine its own destiny, the task of perfecting our union moves forward. (Applause.)

It moves forward because of you. It moves forward because you reaffirmed the spirit that has triumphed over war and depression; the spirit that has lifted this country from the depths of despair to the great heights of hope — the belief that while each of us will pursue our own individual dreams, we are an American family, and we rise or fall together, as one nation, and as one people. (Applause.)

Tonight, in this election, you, the American people, reminded us that while our road has been hard, while our journey has been long, we have picked ourselves up, we have fought our way back, and we know in our hearts that for the United States of America, the best is yet to come. (Applause.)

I want to thank every American who participated in this election. (Applause.) Whether you voted for the very first time or waited in line for a very long time — (applause) — by the way, we have to fix that. (Applause.) Whether you pounded the pavement or picked up the phone — (applause) — whether you held an Obama sign or a Romney sign, you made your voice heard, and you made a difference. (Applause.)

I just spoke with Governor Romney, and I congratulated him and Paul Ryan on a hard-fought campaign. (Applause.) We may have battled fiercely, but it’s only because we love this country deeply, and we care so strongly about its future. From George to Lenore to their son Mitt, the Romney family has chosen to give back to America through public service, and that is a legacy that we honor and applaud tonight. (Applause.)

In the weeks ahead, I also look forward to sitting down with Governor Romney to talk about where we can work together to move this country forward. (Applause.)

I want to thank my friend and partner of the last four years, America’s happy warrior — (applause) — the best Vice President anybody could ever hope for — Joe Biden. (Applause.)

And I wouldn’t be the man I am today without the woman who agreed to marry me 20 years ago. (Applause.) Let me say this publicly — Michelle, I have never loved you more. I have never been prouder to watch the rest of America fall in love with you, too, as our nation’s First Lady. (Applause.) Sasha and Malia, before our very eyes, you’re growing up to become two strong, smart, beautiful young women, just like your mom. (Applause.) And I’m so proud of you guys. But I will say that for now, one dog is probably enough. (Laughter.)

To the best campaign team and volunteers in the history of politics — (applause) — the best. The best ever. (Applause.) Some of you were new this time around, and some of you have been at my side since the very beginning. But all of you are family. No matter what you do or where you go from here, you will carry the memory of the history we made together, and you will have the lifelong appreciation of a grateful President. Thank you for believing all the way, through every hill, through every valley. (Applause.) You lifted me up the whole way. And I will always be grateful for everything that you’ve done and all the incredible work that you put in. (Applause.)

I know that political campaigns can sometimes seem small, even silly. And that provides plenty of fodder for the cynics who tell us that politics is nothing more than a contest of egos, or the domain of special interests. But if you ever get the chance to talk to folks who turned out at our rallies, and crowded along a rope line in a high school gym, or saw folks working late at a campaign office in some tiny county far away from home, you’ll discover something else.

You’ll hear the determination in the voice of a young field organizer who’s worked his way through college, and wants to make sure every child has that same opportunity. (Applause.) You’ll hear the pride in the voice of a volunteer who’s going door to door because her brother was finally hired when the local auto plant added another shift. (Applause.) You’ll hear the deep patriotism in the voice of a military spouse who’s working the phones late at night to make sure that no one who fights for this country ever has to fight for a job, or a roof over their head when they come home. (Applause.)

That’s why we do this. That’s what politics can be. That’s why elections matter. It’s not small; it’s big. It’s important.

Democracy in a nation of 300 million can be noisy and messy and complicated. We have our own opinions. Each of us has deeply held beliefs. And when we go through tough times, when we make big decisions as a country, it necessarily stirs passions, stirs up controversy. That won’t change after tonight — and it shouldn’t. These arguments we have are a mark of our liberty, and we can never forget that as we speak, people in distant nations are risking their lives right now just for a chance to argue about the issues that matter, the chance to cast their ballots like we did today. (Applause.)

But despite all our differences, most of us share certain hopes for America’s future. We want our kids to grow up in a country where they have access to the best schools and the best teachers — (applause) — a country that lives up to its legacy as the global leader in technology and discovery and innovation, with all the good jobs and new businesses that follow.

We want our children to live in an America that isn’t burdened by debt; that isn’t weakened by inequality; that isn’t threatened by the destructive power of a warming planet. (Applause.)

We want to pass on a country that’s safe and respected and admired around the world; a nation that is defended by the strongest military on Earth and the best troops this world has ever known — (applause) — but also a country that moves with confidence beyond this time of war to shape a peace that is built on the promise of freedom and dignity for every human being.

We believe in a generous America; in a compassionate America; in a tolerant America, open to the dreams of an immigrant’s daughter who studies in our schools and pledges to our flag. (Applause.) To the young boy on the South Side of Chicago who sees a life beyond the nearest street corner. (Applause.) To the furniture worker’s child in North Carolina who wants to become a doctor or a scientist, an engineer or entrepreneur, a diplomat or even a President. That’s the future we hope for. That’s the vision we share. That’s where we need to go. Forward. (Applause.) That’s where we need to go.

Now, we will disagree, sometimes fiercely, about how to get there. As it has for more than two centuries, progress will come in fits and starts. It’s not always a straight line. It’s not always a smooth path. By itself, the recognition that we have common hopes and dreams won’t end all the gridlock, or solve all our problems, or substitute for the painstaking work of building consensus, and making the difficult compromises needed to move this country forward. But that common bond is where we must begin.

Our economy is recovering. A decade of war is ending. A long campaign is now over. (Applause.) And whether I earned your vote or not, I have listened to you. I have learned from you. And you’ve made me a better President. With your stories and your struggles, I return to the White House more determined and more inspired than ever about the work there is to do, and the future that lies ahead. (Applause.)

Tonight, you voted for action, not politics as usual. (Applause.) You elected us to focus on your jobs, not ours. And in the coming weeks and months, I am looking forward to reaching out and working with leaders of both parties to meet the challenges we can only solve together: reducing our deficit; reforming our tax code; fixing our immigration system; freeing ourselves from foreign oil. We’ve got more work to do. (Applause.)

But that doesn’t mean your work is done. The role of citizen in our democracy does not end with your vote. America has never been about what can be done for us. It’s about what can be done by us, together, through the hard and frustrating but necessary work of self-government. (Applause.) That’s the principle we were founded on.

This country has more wealth than any nation, but that’s not what makes us rich. We have the most powerful military in history, but that’s not what makes us strong. Our university, culture are the envy of the world, but that’s not what keeps the world coming to our shores.

What makes America exceptional are the bonds that hold together the most diverse nation on Earth — the belief that our destiny is shared; that this country only works when we accept certain obligations to one another, and to future generations; that the freedom which so many Americans have fought for and died for comes with responsibilities as well as rights, and among those are love and charity and duty and patriotism. That’s what makes America great. (Applause.)

I am hopeful tonight because I have seen this spirit at work in America. I’ve seen it in the family business whose owners would rather cut their own pay than lay off their neighbors, and in the workers who would rather cut back their hours than see a friend lose a job.

I’ve seen it in the soldiers who re-enlist after losing a limb, and in those SEALs who charged up the stairs into darkness and danger because they knew there was a buddy behind them, watching their back. (Applause.)

I’ve seen it on the shores of New Jersey and New York, where leaders from every party and level of government have swept aside their differences to help a community rebuild from the wreckage of a terrible storm. (Applause.)

And I saw it just the other day in Mentor, Ohio, where a father told the story of his eight-year-old daughter, whose long battle with leukemia nearly cost their family everything, had it not been for health care reform passing just a few months before the insurance company was about to stop paying for her care. (Applause.) I had an opportunity to not just talk to the father, but meet this incredible daughter of his. And when he spoke to the crowd, listening to that father’s story, every parent in that room had tears in their eyes, because we knew that little girl could be our own. And I know that every American wants her future to be just as bright.

That’s who we are. That’s the country I’m so proud to lead as your President. (Applause.) And tonight, despite all the hardship we’ve been through, despite all the frustrations of Washington, I’ve never been more hopeful about our future. (Applause.) I have never been more hopeful about America. And I ask you to sustain that hope.

I’m not talking about blind optimism — the kind of hope that just ignores the enormity of the tasks ahead or the roadblocks that stand in our path. I’m not talking about the wishful idealism that allows us to just sit on the sidelines or shirk from a fight. I have always believed that hope is that stubborn thing inside us that insists, despite all the evidence to the contrary, that something better awaits us, so long as we have the courage to keep reaching, to keep working, to keep fighting. (Applause.)

America, I believe we can build on the progress we’ve made, and continue to fight for new jobs, and new opportunity, and new security for the middle class. I believe we can keep the promise of our founding — the idea that if you’re willing to work hard, it doesn’t matter who you are, or where you come from, or what you look like, or where you love — it doesn’t matter whether you’re black or white, or Hispanic or Asian, or Native American, or young or old, or rich or poor, abled, disabled, gay or straight — you can make it here in America if you’re willing to try. (Applause.)

I believe we can seize this future together — because we are not as divided as our politics suggest; we’re not as cynical as the pundits believe; we are greater than the sum of our individual ambitions; and we remain more than a collection of red states and blue states. We are, and forever will be, the United States of America. (Applause.) And together, with your help, and God’s grace, we will continue our journey forward, and remind the world just why it is that we live in the greatest nation on Earth. (Applause.)

Thank you, America. God bless you. God bless these United States. (Applause.)

For More Than 130 Years Tested and Failed Unity of Abyssinia, Oromia and Others Nations Colonized to Form Ethiopia.

The formations of empire called Ethiopia in the Horn of Africa succeeded by Menelik II in 19th century after many failed attempt by his preceding rulers. Menelik II became successful by the help of imperial west countries. They helped him by providing modern weapon and advise to achieve their own objectives in the area. As a result Menelik able to conquer the indigenous nations like Oromia, Sidama, Hadiya, Walayita, Ogadenia, Afar and many others. After destroying more than five millions of Oromo and others, they start to exercise the colony system which helps them to rule over for many years. As a result they destroyed the identity, culture, language of the colonized nations. Soon they begin to play physical, psychological and spiritual games on the colonized. We need to point out that superficially they are saying that we are working for the unity of Ethiopia. The cold war after colonization continued. Menelik knew Oromo and other nations are the majority. He will never continue peacefully without removing and replacing their identity and being. That is why he said we need to mix them up genetically through marriage to form new Ethiopia. Immediately after war to colonize is over, he ordered his soldiers to marry beautiful girls from Oromo, change their original names, identity and being. Just analyze the truth what cities in Oromia look like today; the foundation which is the premise of colonization. I don’t mind if someone marries a person who he or she loved. My argument is that the Habeshas used the natural marriage to prolong colonization on Oromo nation. I personally like and respect all human kind by who they are. What I and Oromo don’t like and accept is their deeds on the others. They do to others what they don’t like to do on themselves. The Habeshas used every means to their maximum capacity to change the identity and culture of all the colonized nations under the name Ethiopia. Even the Menelik regime tried to change the name Oromo which is name of person which has many children today in Oromia. For those who don’t know the father of Oromo, Oromo is the son of Waqo whose origin is around Mada Walabu, between Bale and Borena in Oromia. They did the same to Walayita, Sidama and others. These are the natures of colonizers. In spite of all such unity destroying actions against nations and nationalities in Ethiopia by themselves, they forced the colonized nation for unity. The colonizers, Abyssinians exploit the nature and economy of the colonized nations. The worst thing which other colonizing countries didn’t fully exercised but the Menelik regime and the succeeding rulers followed is that they keep the colonized nation in general and Oromo in particular under illiteracy. That is why the prime minister of Hailesilase Regime advised General Tadese Biru against education campaign to teach Oromo. Akililu Habtewold thought that Tadese is Habesha because he speaks Amharic fluently; that is why he disclosed this secret to General Tadese Biru who trained the Noble Prize winner Mandela during struggle of apartheid regime in South Africa. This anti Oromo advice given by Akililu to Tadese, ignited General Tadese Biru’s heart to join the Oromo Liberation Front. So are we Oromo who worked to destroy the unity of Ethiopia or the colonizers themselves? If so why they blame the Oromians who are pushed away, counted as a second citizen on their own land? Everybody who lived in Oromia and grown with Oromos, knows that Oromo is kind, hospitable, caring and loving people. Some of the singers of Habesha, sing for the nature and natural gift of Oromia but they are sick to hear about the freedom and right of Oromo. During the Haile Silase Regime Oromo and other nations counted as servant while the colonizers as lord. The children of the Habeshas went to school but Oromo and others produced the food on their own land to supply more than half of production to their land lords. The Habesha ruling system threated the people they call in one country differently but expect in reverse the unity. It is a puzzle for me why they failed to recognize this? I thought that they think by tip of the gun; that is why they worked to destroy unity among nations and nationalities. We can substantiate that they colonized the nations by gun and they thought that gun and force would keep on unity.
After the formation of empire Ethiopia, these colonized nations particularly Oromia played a great role to defend the territory of the country. Particularly the war with Italy, we always remembers the known hero Abdisa Aga who defeated Italians in many ways. Above all the children of Oromia even under colonization contributed a lot to introduce Ethiopia to the world. Abebe Bikila the first black, African Marathon winner with bare foot is unforgettable. Today thousands of Oromo athletes gave a name ‘green flood’ in the making of popularizing the colonizing empire. Still no change for Oromo, except killing, exploiting, imprisoning and displacing from their own land.
Derg arrived to guarantee the land less Oromo and other nations to make the owner of the land. But sooner they begin to kill Oromo intellectuals who survived the discriminations of Habeshas. General Tadese Biru, which all Oromo considers as great hero, executed by Derg. Teferi Banti who tried to rule and settle the unity of that country soon murdered. Oromo youngsters were murdered in mass during the Derg Regime. No body from Habesha side to oppose and stop the killings. But still they are shouting for unity. But when Oromo say we have tried and worked hard to keep the unity and to civilize together, the Habesha push away Oromo by every means possible. And when Oromo say enough is enough with Ethiopia, we are determined to decolonize ourselves; they blame Oromo for failed unity forgetting their progressive suppression and discrimination they exercised on Oromo. Even if Oromo get ready to forgive all evil deeds for a century, they chose to continue the same repression and exploitation; they have been doing so far.
In 1991, during the transitional government, Oromo was a part of main change as Oromo Liberation Front (OLF) was fighting to dismantle the Deg Regime and became successful. But after one year the Habesha, all from North start thinking to destroy OLF from the transitional government. As a result, tens of thousands Oromo youth all over Oromia were murdered. Intellectuals, silently killed, disappeared, tortured and imprisoned. Still more than 50,000 Oromo intellectuals, students, farmers, from all walks of age and sex including Bekele Gerba and Olbana Lelisa are suffering in the horrible prison of Ethiopia. Tens of thousands flee away to save their lives and many are drawn away by ocean and seas. But no body from the unity seeking Habesha groups, try to oppose the action which had destroyed the unity of that nation. How come only Oromo National particularly targeted by successive rulers of Ethiopia (the colonizers)? After death of tyrant and dictator Meles Zenawi, once again the majority of the country, Oromo People ignored on transitional power sharing. Instead of correcting a century mistakes, Ethiopian ruling groups continued to repress Oromo. In September 29, 2012 when more than 3 million of Oromo from all over Oromia came to celebrate their indigenous and cultural festival, Irrecha, peacefully at Bushoftu, the Ethiopian ruling government soldiers attacked the participants because they had their cultural clothes and materials with them. More than 200 hundreds taken to prison for torture, many have gone home bare body, without clothes as the Tigray People Libration Front (TPLF) soldiers striped them in a shameful way. Every day in Oromia today Oromo People imprisoned for torture and death. They continued to destroy the villages and houses of Oromo People. We remember the recent destruction of Bole Bulbula Oromo Community houses in Addis Ababa. Without any consideration they TPLF leaders destroyed more than 400 Oromo Family’s houses. The people became homeless; their children went to street for begging. Still nobody protested the action of government from the unity sides. But when their own people they think forcefully displaced from the South Nations and Nationalities, the unity sides were shouting loudly from all over the world. But when it comes to Oromo even some of the unity leaders rejoice of the sufferings and repressions that have been carried on Oromo People. On the other hand they are working to destroy the unity of Oromo, to force Oromo as used to be into the night mare of unity which they themselves destroyed it.
From the past trials of keeping Ethiopia in unity, the victims were Oromo and other colonized nations. Therefore, that is why Oromo Liberation Front, Ogaden National Liberation Front and Sidama Liberation Front and others forced to choose to regain their own original independent country and to exercise their freedom and the right on their own. I don’t think these unity groups learn today to respect the freedom and right of oppressed and colonized nations in Ethiopia. Because we have actually tested and examined the practice of fake unity for more than 130 years in that country. And the worst thing is that there is no single sign of correcting a century mistakes. As Dr.Martin Luther King said Freedom never voluntarily given by oppressors but should be demanded by the oppressed. Oromo generation and other colonized nations should work in unity to achieve their freedom from the hegemony of successive Ethiopian rulers particularly TPLF.
Oromia and other oppressed nations in Ethiopia shall be free!

የኦሮሞ ፖለቲካ ጉዳይ (ከትናንት እስከ ዛሬ) አቶ ቡልቻ ደመቅሣ

የኦሮሞ የፖለቲካ ጉዳይ በየዘመኑ አንድ እርምጃ ወደፊት ሁለት እርምጃ ወደኋላ ሲመሏ ለዘመናት ቆይቷል፡፡ ይህ የሆነው ከአፄ ሚኒሊክ ጊዜ ጀምሮ ነው፡፡ ከዚያ በፊት፣ የኢትዮጵያ ነገስታት ኦሮሞን ለማሸነፍ ስላልቻሉ በየጊዜው እየተጋጩ እንደምንም አብረው ይኖሩ ነበር፡፡ ፋዘር አልሜዳ የሚባለው የፖርቱጋል ቄስ በዚህ ጉዳይ በሰፊው ጽፏል፡፡ ነገር ግን አብሮነታቸው እንደ ገዥና ተገዥ አልነበረም፡፡ ከአጼ ልብነድንግል ጀምረው እስከ ንጉስ ሳህለ ስላሤ የነበሩት አፄዎች ሁሉ ኦሮሞን ለማሸነፍ እና ለመግዛት ያላደሩጉት ጥረት አልነበረም፡፡
ኦሮሞንና ሀገሩን አሸንፈው ለማስገበር የቻሉት አፄ ሚኒሊክ ብቻ ነበሩ፡፡ እሳቸውም ኦሮሞን ለማሸነፍ የቻሉት ከኦሮሞዎች ቀደም ብለው ከፈረንጆች የጦር መሳሪያ ስላገኙ ነበር፡፡ መሣሪያ ያገኙበትም ምክንያት ከእሳቸው ቀድሞ የነበሩት አንዳንድ አፄዎች ለአውሮፓ መንግስታት “ኢትዮጵያ ብቻዋን ክርስቲያን ሆና በአፍሪካ ውስጥ የምትኖር ሀገር ነች” ብለው የአውሮፓውያን መንግሥታትን ስለለመኑና ስላስረዱ የጦር መሣሪያ ማግኘት ቻሉ፡፡ በ19ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመን አፄ ሚኒሊክ ሸዋን በሙሉ ለመቆጣጠር ሲነቃነቁ ደብረብርሃን አጠገብ በምትገኘው አብደላ በምትባል መንደር ውስጥ ከጎበና ዳጬ ጋር ተገናኙ፡፡ ጎበና ዳጬም በዚያን ጊዜ በኦሮሞ ገዳ ሥርዓት የሉባና የነበዙ አባ ደክር ወዳጅ የነበሩ፡፡ ከአፄ ሚኒሊክ ለጎበና ዳጬ አንድ ነገር ተናገሩ፡፡ “ወደታች ወደደቡብ እንሂድ፡፡ ወደአቢቹ፣ ገላን፣ ጉለሌ፣ አርሲ አብረን እንዝመት፡፡ አንተ የጋላ ንጉስ ትሆናለህ፣ እኔ የኢትዮጵያ ንጉስ እሆናለሁ ተከተለኝ” አሏቸው፡፡ እንደተባባሉትም ወደታች ወደደቡብ መጥተው የኦሮሞን ጎሣዎች መውጋት ጀምሩ፡፡ ጎበናም ራስ ተባሉ፡፡ ነገር ግን አፄ ሚኒሊክ ለጎበና የገቡትን ቃል ሳይጠብቁ ቀሩ፡፡ ጎበናም ብዙ ጊዜ ከተዋጉ በኋላ እየተዳከሙ ሄዱ፡፡ ነገር ግን የሸዋን፣ የወለጋን (በሰላም የገቡ) እና የከፋን (ከፋም በሰላም ገባ) ኦሮሞዎች ካሸነፉ በኋላ አፄ ሚኒሊክ እራሳቸው ጦርነቱን መምራት ጀመሩ፡፡ ራስ ጎበና በቀየሱት መንገድ ሄደው ሌሎች ያልተያዙትን ሀገሮች ያዙ፡፡ ለምሳሌ ሀረርን፣ ውጋዴንን፣ ሱማሌን፣ ቦረናን ያቀኑት ከዚያ በኋላ ነው፡፡ (እኔ አቀኑ እላለሁ አንዳንድ ሰዎች ግን “ኮሎናይዝ” አደረጉ ነው የሚሉት፡፡ እውነቱን ለታሪክ ተንታኞች እንተዋለን፡፡) ይህ ታሪክ አፈታሪክ ነው፡፡ የታሪክ ምሁራን እንደሚሉት አፈታሪክ የተፃፈ ታሪክ ያህል ዋጋ አለው፡፡ አሁን ልክ አይደለም ብሎ መከራከር ዋጋ ቢስ ይሆናል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ኦሮሞዎች ሁሉ ይህን ያምናሉ፡፡ ያም ሆነ ይህ የታሪኩን እርግጠኛነት የሚያረጋግጠው የራስ ጎበና ሕመም ነው፡፡ (በብስጭት እንደሆነ በእርግጠኝነት የሚናገሩ የእሳቸው ተወላጆች አሉ፡፡)

እኔ እንደብዙ ወገኖቼ ጎበናን አላብጠለጥልም ሰው ስራ መስራት አለበት፡፡ ቤተሰቡን የሚደግፈው የሰራ እንደሆነ ነው፡፡ አለስራ መኖር አይቻልም፡፡ ስለዚህ ራስ ጎበና ስራ አግኝተው ቢሰሩም የፈለጉት ሳይሆን ቀርቶ ታመው ሞቱ፡፡ ይሄ ማንኛቸውም መሪ የሚያረገው ነገር ነው፡፡ አንዳንዱ አላደርግም ብሎ ይሞታል፡፡ ግን ብዙ ሰው ሞትን አይመርጥም፡፡ አፄ ሚኒሊክ ጎበናንም ባያገኙ ማሸነፋቸው አይቀሬ ነበር፡፡ ምክንያቱም በዚህ ጊዜ ከአውሮፓውያን ብዙ የጦር መሣሪያ አግኝተዋል፡፡

ራስ ጎበና ከሚኒሊክ ጋር ያደረጉት ስምምነት ለጊዜው ለኦሮሞ አንድ እርምጃ ወደፊት የሚሄድ መስሎ ነበር፡፡ ከዚያም በኋላ አፄ ሚኒሊክ ኦሮሞን የገዙበት የባሪያ አገዛዝ ሁለት እርምጃ ወደኋላ እንዲሄዱ አደረጋቸው፡፡ ኦሮሞ ደርግ ላይ ምንም ተስፋ ስላልነበረው የጀነራል ተፈሪ ባንቴ ፕሬዝዳንት መሆን ምንም አልመሰለውም፡፡ ዶክተር ነጋሶ ፕሬዝዳንት ሲሆኑ ለኦሮሞ የተሻለ መስሎ አልታየውም፡፡ ዶክተር ነጋሶም እራሳቸው በስርዓቱ ባለማመን ረግጠው ወጡ፡፡

ከዚያ በኋላ የአፄ ሚኒሊክን የጦር ኃይል መመከት ያልቻለው ኦሮሞ፣ ገባርነትን ለመቀበል ተገደደ፡፡ ሆኖም ግን አፄ ሚኒሊክ ከዚያ በፊት ኦሮሞ ይዞት የነበረውን መሬት ማስለቀቅ ስላልቻሉ ኦሮሞ በአፄ ልብነድንግል ጊዜ በ16ኛው መቶ ክፍለ ዘመን ይዞት የነበረውን መሬት እንደያዘ ቀረ፡፡ እዚህ ላይ እናስታውስ፡፡ የወሎ አሮሞና ትግራይ ውስጥ ያሉት ራያና አዘቦ ኦሮምኛ ቋንቋቸውን እየረሱ አማርኛ ወይም ትግሪኛ መናገር ጀምረዋል፡፡ በአማራ ክልል ውስጥ ያለው ኦሮሞ ዞን ከተፈጠረለት ለምን የራያና አዘቦ ዞን በትግራይ ውስጥ አልተፈጠረም፡፡ ይኼ የሚያሳየው ሕገ መንግስቱ በተፃፈበት ጊዜ (በ1986 ዓ.ም) ህወሓት የነበረውን ፍጹም የበላይነት ነው፡፡

ዛሬ የኦሮሞ ሕዝብ ከኢትዮጵያ ሕዝብ ቢያንስ 35 በመቶ መሆኑን ሁላችንም እናውቃለን፡፡ ሕዝቡም ወደ ሰላሳ ስድስት ሚሊዮን ይገመታል፡፡ የኦሮሞ መሬት ስፋቱ 387,000 ኪሎ ሜትር ይሆናል፡፡ ማለትም ጀርመንን ያክላል ማለት ነው፡፡

ኢህአዴግ በ1983 ዓ.ም. አዲስ አበባ በገባ ጊዜ ኦነግ አብሮት ስለነበረ ኦሮሞ አንድ እርምጃ ወደፊት እንደሄደ ሊገመት ይችላል፡፡ ምክንያቱም ኦነግ አስራ ስድስት አመት ከታገለ በኋላ ከህወሓት/ኢህአዴግ ጋር አብሮ ሲመለስ አንድ የፀና ስምምነት ተፈራርሞ የመጣ መስሎ ለኦሮሞዎች ታየ፡፡ ስለዚህ ኦሮሞዎች ለጊዜውም ቢሆን ተረጋጉ፡፡ ነገር ግን ሳይቆይ ኦነግ ወደ ትግል ተመለሰ፡፡ በአገር ውስጥ ያሉ ኦሮሞዎች ኦነግ ፌደራሊዝምን የተቀበለ – መስሎአቸው ስለነበር ካገር በመውጣቱ አዘኑ፡፡ ከዚህ ይልቅ በሀገር ውስጥ ሆኖ ስለሰብዓዊ መብት፣ ስለእኩልነትና፣ ስለዲሞክራሲ መታገል ነበረበት ብዬ አስባለሁ፡፡

ኦነግ ተመልሶ ከአገር ሲወጣ “ኢህአዴግ ውስጥ ገብቼ አባል አልሆንም” የሚለውን ኦሮሞ ሁሉ ‹‹የኦነግ አባል ነህ›› እያሉ በጅምላ ማሰር፣ አንዳንዱን መግደል፣ የእለት ተዕለት ትእይንት ሆነ፡፡ በዚች አጭር ጽሑፍ ውስጥ የሞቱትን፣ የታሰሩትን መቁጠር አይቻልም፡፡ ነገር ግን እኔ የኦፌዴን መሪ በነበርኩበት ጊዜ ከትልልቆቹ ስራዎቼ መካከል ዋናው ስለኦሮሞ መሞት፣ መታሰር እና መሰቃየት ለኦሮሚያና ለፌዴራል መንግስታቱ እድፍ ነበር፡፡ እንዲያውም አንድ ጊዜ ለማስመሰል የፌዴራል መንግስቱ፣ ኦፌዴንና ኦህዴድ የጋራ ኮሚቴ አቋቁመው ስለነኚህ ችግሮች ያጥኑና የጥናታቸውን ውጤት ያቅርቡ ተብሎ አንድ ኮሚቴ ተቋቁሞ ነበር፡፡ መጀመሪያውኑ ከልብ ስላልሆነ ኮሚቴው ቶሎ ፈረሰ፡፡
ኦሮሞ የገዳን ሥርዓት ለመተው የተገደደው በመንግስት እና በዘመኑ የኢኮኖሚ ሥርዓት ለውጦች ምክንያት ነው፡፡ የገዳ ሥርዓት እንዳለ ሥራ ላይ መዋል በአሁኑ ዘመን አይቻልም፡፡ ምክንያቱም በአሁኑ ዘመን ወጣቶች ሁሉ በተወለዱበት ሥፍራ አይቆዩም፡፡ ለስራና ለትምህርት ከተወለዱበት ወጥተው ወደሌላ ስፍራ ይሄዳሉ፡፡ አንዱ ትውልድ ሌላውን ትውልድ በሙሉ ካልተካ የገዳ ሥርዓት አይሰራም፡፡

ብዙ የኦሮሞ ምሁራን የገዳን ሥርዓት የሚወዱበት ምክንያት ሥልጣን ላይ ያለው ትውልድ አዲሱ ትውልድ ለስራ ሲዘጋጅ ቦታውን ለቆ መሄዱ ለዲሞክራሲ ጥሩ አስተዋጽኦ ያደርጋል በማለት ነው፡፡ ለሁሉም በአሁኑ ጊዜ ማንም በተወለደበት ቦታ ለብዙ ጊዜ ቀጥሎ ስለማይኖር የገዳ ሥርዓት ሃሳቡ ሲፀነስ በሰራበት መልኩ አሁን ሊሰራ አይችልም፡፡
የኦሮሞ ጥንታዊ ሀይማኖት ዋቄፈታ ሲሆን፤ ይኼም ብዙ ሰዎች እንደሚሉት ወይም እንደሚመስላቸው ለፍጥረት መስገድ አይደለም፡፡ ወንዝ አጠገብ፣ ታላቅ ተራራ አጠገብ፣ ታላቅ ዛፍ ስር ዋቄፈታ ማድረግ እንደዚህ አይነት ታላቅ ፍጥረትን ለፈጠረው አምላክ መስገድ ነው፡፡ አማኞቹ እንደሚሉትም እግዚአብሔር ራሱን የሚገልፀው በታላላቅ ፍጥረቶች በኩል ነው፡፡ እዚህ ላይ ስለዋቄፈታ ያነሳሁት ባለፈው አስር ቀን ውስጥ ኦሮሞዎች ቢሾፍቱ ሀይቅ አጠገብ የተለመደውን ኢሬቻ ለማድረግ የተሰበሰበውን ህዝብ (ሶስት ሚሊየን ህዝብ ነበር ተብሏል) ፖሊስ በሀይል በህዝቡ መሃከል ለብሶ የለበሳችሁት ልብስ የኦነግ ባንዲራ ነው በማለት በመደብደብ፣ በመርገጥ እና ልብሳቸውን በማስወለቅ ጭምር ከባድ ጉዳት አደረሰባቸው፡፡ ይሄ አድራጎት በኦሮሞዎች ዘንድ እንደ ታላቅ ሀጢያት እና እግዚአብሔርን እንደ መዳፈር መስሎ ታየ፡፡ ይህ ሥርዓት በጠባዩ ለእነርሱ ሀይማኖታዊ ነው፡፡
የህዝብን ድምፅ የሚሻ፣ ሰላምን የሚፈልግ እና ትብብርን ከህዝብ የሚጠብቅ መንግስት እንዲህ አይነት ፀረ-ባህልና ፀረ-ህዝብ ወንጀል አይፈፅምም፡፡ ለጊዜው ለዚህ አድራጎት የምናየው ምላሽ ላይኖር ይችላል፡፡ ነገር ግን ኦሮሞ ይሄንን አድራጎት ይረሳል ብሎ ማሰብ የዋህነት ነው፡፡ ማንም ህዝብ ይህ ቢደርስበት ዝም የሚል አይመስለኝም፡፡ የፌደራሊዝም ፅንሰ-ሀሳብ የተዋወቀው ይህን መሰሉን በደል ለማስቀረት ነበር፡፡

ይህ ሁኔታ በፌዴራሊዝም ስርዓት የሚያምኑትን የኦሮሞ ምሁራን አቋም የሚፈታተን ነው፡፡ ምክንያቱም ኦሮሞ ከሌላው ህዝብ ሁሉ ተለይቶ እንደባእድና ጠላት እየታየ መኖር ቢመረውም ከቀሪዎቹ የኢትዮጵያ ህዝቦች ጋር ተስማምቶ በፍቅር መኖር ይፈልጋል፡፡

የኦሮሞ ጥንታዊ ሃይማኖት ዋቄፈታ ነበር፡፡ አሁንም በዋቄፈታ የሚያምኑ ኦሮሞዎች ቁጥራቸው በጣም ብዙ ነው፡፡ ዋቄፈታ ከክርስትናም ሆነ ከእስልምና የተለየ የኦሮሞ የጥንት እምነት ነው፡፡ እነዚህ ሁሉ ልዩነቶች ቢኖሩም ብዙዎቻችን የኢትዮጵያ አካል ሆነን በፌዴራሊዝም ሥርዓት እንኖራለን ብለን በቆራጥነት ተነስተናል፡፡ እንዲህ የሚለው ወገን ግን ዛሬ ድምፁ እየተዳከመ ሄዷል፡፡ ህዝብ መናቅ እንደ ቀላል ነገር ሆኖ እየታየ ነው፡፡ ቢሾፍቱ ላይ ለኢሬቻ የመጡትን አማኞች የኦነግን ባንዲራ ለብሳችኋል በማለት ደብድበው ልብሳቸውን የነጠቋቸው ሰዎች ራቁታቸውን ከስፍራው ሲወጡ ታይተዋል፡፡

የኢሬቻን በዓል መንግስት ለምን እንደፈራው አይታወቅም፡፡ ከዚህ በፊት ለዘመናት በየዓመቱ ሲደረግ ቆይቷል፡፡ አሁን የመንግስት የፀጥታ ሰራተኞች አንድ ቡድን ያደመው ወይም ያዘጋጀው ተንኮል ኖሮ የደረሱበት ነገር ኖሮ ይሆን? አናውቅም፡፡ ጨርሶ ኢሬቻን ለማጉላት አይመስለኝም፡፡

ሌላ የኦሮሞ ቅሬታ አለ፡፡ ከአቶ መለስ ሞት በኋላ የመንግስት ብወዛ ተደርጎ ነበር፡፡ ለጊዜውም ቢሆን የመንግስትን አቅጣጫና ፕላን የሚያመላክቱ ብወዛዎች ተፈፅመዋል፡፡ እዚህ ውስጥ ኦሮሞዎች ምንም ሚና አለመጫወታቸው ብዙ ሰዎችን አስገርሟል፡፡ ከሃገሪቷ አጠቃላይ ህዝብ 35 በመቶ ከመሆናቸው ባለፈ ምድራቸው እጅግ በጣም ሰፊና ሀብታም ሆኖ ሳለ፤ ዛሬ ለኦሮሞ ህዝብ ዝቅ ያለ ግምት እየተሰጠው ነው፡፡ ይህ ሁሉ የሚሆነው ለምንድን ነው? የጥያቄው መልስ ያለው ኦሮሞ ህዝብ ዘንድ ነው፡፡ ኦሮሞ ሙሉ የዴሞክራሲ መብቱን የሚጠይቅበት ጊዜ ቅርብ ነው፡፡ ኦሮሞንና የደቡብ ህዝቦችን ማጥቃትና መናቅ በምንም ዓይነት መንገድ ፍትሀዊ አይሆንም፡፡ የሚመጣው የኦሮሞ ትውልድ እንደዛሬው ትውልድ ዓይናፋርና ዝምተኛ አይሆንም፡፡

ፓርላማ ውስጥ እኔና ጓደኞቼ ለምንድን ነው ኦሮሞ የሚጠመደው? ለምንድን ነው ኦሮሞ እንደ ጠላትት የሚታየው? ብለን ስንጠይቅ መልስ አላገኘንም፡፡ ነገር ግን በሽብርተኝነት ህጉ መሠረት ኦነግን ትደግፋላችሁ በማለት በፍፁም ከኦነግ ጋር ግንኙነት የሌላቸውን ሰዎች በብዛት ታስረው ዛሬ እስር ቤት ውስጥ ይማቅቃሉ፡፡ ፍርድ ቤት የእነኚህን ሰዎች ጥፋት በጥልቀት ቢመረምር አንድም የሚያስከስስ ስራ አልሰሩም፡፡ አንዳንዶቹ የፖለቲካ ነፃነት ያለ መስሏቸው ህዝብን ለማደራጀት እንዲሁም የፖለቲካና የኢኮኖሚ ትምህርት ለመስጠት ሲሞክሩ ያለአንዳች ጥያቄ ወደ ፖሊስ ጣቢያ ተወስደው ብዙ ቀናት ከማቀቁ በኋላ ፍርድ ቤት ይቀርቡና ለረጅም ጊዜ እስር ቤት እንዲቆዩ ይደረጋል፡፡ በቀለ ገርባ የሚባል የኦፌዴን ም/ፕሬዝዳንት እነሆ ያለአንዳች ጥፋት ዛሬ ቃሊቲ እስር ቤት ውስጥ ይማቅቃል፡፡ የተያዘው ስለ ሰብዓዊ መብት ኢትዮጵያን ሲጎበኙ የነበሩ ፈረንጆች ስለአነጋገሩት ነው፡፡ በሕገ መንግሥቱ የተፃፈው ታምኖበት ነው ወይንስ አንዳንድ ገር ሰዎችን ለማታለል ነው፡፡ ዜጋ የሚያዝበት ሁኔታ፣ ተይዞ ፖሊስ ጣቢያ የሚቆይበት ጊዜ፣ ፍርድ ቤት የሚቀርብበት ጊዜ፣ ፍርድ ቤትም ጉዳዩን በቀጠሮ የሚያቆይበት ጊዜ ሁሉ በሕገ መንግሥትና በሲቪልና ክሪሚናል ፕሮሲጀር ኮድ ተጽፏል፡፡ እነኚህ ሕጎች ሁሉ በየቀኑ እየተጣሉ ነው፤ በትንሹ ሳይሆን በብዛት ነው፡፡ ይህን ሁሉ አቶ መለስ ከዕረፍታቸው በፊት ያውቁ ነበር፡፡ እኔ ራሴ ከእኔ ቢሮ ስለሚሞቱት ሰዎች፣ ስለሚያዙ ሰዎች፣ ስለሚታሰሩ ሰዎች፣ ብዙ ጊዜ ለክልሉ ፕሬዚዳንት እና ለጠቅላይ ሚ/ር ቢሮ ጽፌአለሁ፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ዛሬም በእሳቸው ቦታ የተተኩ ሰዎች በኦሮሞ ላይ የሚደርሰውን ግፍ ያውቃሉ፡፡ ነገር ግን የሕዝብ መብት እንዳይደፈር አንድ ወገን ለይቶ ማጥቃት ተገቢ አለመሆኑን የወጣ አዲስ ትዕዛዝ አላየንም፡፡ ለወደፊትም ላናይ ነው?

ከዚህ አጭር ጽሁፍ ጋር አያይዤ ለአንባቢያን የማሳስበው ነገር አለ፡፡ አንዳንድ ወዳጆቼ አንድ ጥያቄ ሁልጊዜ ይጠይቁኛል፡፡ “ለምን ሁልጊዜ ስለ ኦሮሞ ብቻ ትጽፋለህ?” መልሶቼ ባያጠግቡም ሁልጊዜ ተመሳሳይ ናቸው፡፡ “እኔ ደህና አድርጌ የማውቀው ስለ ኦሮሞዎች ስለሆነ ነው፡፡ የኢህአዴግ መንግስትም ኦሮሞን ለይቶ ስለሚያጠቃ ነው፡፡ ሌላውንም ህዝብ አጥቅቷል፡፡ ለምሳሌ ሲዳማና ጋምቤላ በጣም ተመቷል፡፡ ስለነሱ በዝርዝር የሚያውቁት መጻፍ ይገባቸዋል፡፡ እኔ ስለ ኦሮሞ ስጽፍ ኦሮሞ የኢትዮጵያ አካል አይደለችም በማለት አይደለም፡፡ ነገር ግን ህግና ሥርዓት ባለበት ሀገር ማንም ቡድን፣ ብሔር ወይም ሌላ ስብስብ መጠቃት የለበትም፡፡ ፌደራሊዝም ስራ ላይ እንዲውል እንደዚህ አይነቱን የተዛባ አመለካከት እና አያያዝ ለመከላከል ነበር፡፡ እኔ ለኦሮሞ የምፅፍበት ሌላ ምክንያት የለኝም፡፡ ግን ሌላም የኢትዮጵያ ጉዳይ ደጋግሜ እጽፋለሁ፡፡

Meles widow ‘refusing to vacate palace’

October 17, 2012, Nairobi, Kenya (Daily Nation) — The powerful widow of former prime minister Meles Zenawi is reportedly stalling on vacating Ethiopia’s national palace for the country’s new leader and his family.

According to government sources, Mrs Azeb Mesfin has ignored instructions to move to a new residence that would also be accorded full security detail.

The government has given Mrs Azeb and her children the option of three residential villas in Addis Ababa but she is said to have refused to even visit any out of her own security concerns.

Government officials recently wrote a letter requesting her to leave the palace for the new prime minister, Mr Hailemariam Desalegn.

The new leader and his family are currently living in a small residential villa in the western suburb of the capital.

Mr Hailemariam was sworn in last month after having served as interim premier since Mr Meles’ death on August 20. An internal struggle over whether to confirm him into office was said to have had the widow as one of the main players.

Due to the delay in transferring the palace, Mr Hailemariam is forced to stay in office late in the night and head back very early in the morning to avoid being inconvenienced by the busy Addis Ababa street that leads from his current home to his office. He is reportedly also avoiding inconveniencing city residents and uses less security detail than his predecessor.

The government has deployed tight security around his current home but wants him to move to the more guarded palace.

Mrs Azeb is one of the top officials and a former rebel fighter under the Tigrian Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF), one of the four coalition partners of the powerful ruling party, during the 17-year armed struggle against Mengistu Hailemariam’s Marxist regime.

A mother of three, she secured a parliamentary seat in 2005 and was re-elected in 2010.

She also heads the multi-billion dollar ruling party-owned business conglomerate, EFFORT.

–Daily Nation

Chronology of the Evolution of Oromo Dialogue Forum (ODF)

In recent months, the activities of Oromo Dialogue Forum have been looming large in the Diasporas. The group has transformed itself from holding small and secret house meetings, where the founders would Skype in from Germany, Norway and Minnesota to holding public meetings in cities such as Minneapolis and Washington DC, among others. The questions many ask is: How was this organization formed and where is it headed? Does what ODF do qualify as “dialogue”? Is it a neutral body to carry out dialogue? In this, piece we will present a simple chronology of the formation and evolution of ODF to help the public understand the organization.

August 2006: Brig Gen Kemal Galchu along with two other officers and 100 soldiers defects from Ethiopian Army and joins OLF in Eritrea

2008: Brig Gen Kemal Galchu breaks away from OLF and forms Jijiirama Koree Yeroo with the goal of struggling for Ethiopia’s unity.

July 2008: Dima Noggo misses OLF meeting, but attends Jijjiirama meeting expecting to rise to power

July 2008: Lenco Lata declares that he is neither in OLF nor Jijjiirama

2010: Lico Bukura, Abdata Basire and Kanu Jirmo conspire and handover Jijjiirama armed troops to Ethiopia and declare OLF is no longer at war with the Ethiopian regime

2010: Big Gen Galchu and Col. Hailu Gonfa declare they struggle not for Oromo, but Ethiopia

2011: Jijjiirama splits into more than two factions–Galchu/Amin Jundi joined Ginbot7

2011: Mediation between Jijjiirama and OLF fails

2011: Ibrahim Mummee faction leaves the Ethiopianist Kemal Galchu group due to internal power struggle and ego issues

2011: Lenco Lata gets fired for disciplinary issues from the OLF, takes with him some OLF members

2012: Oromo Dialogue Forum (ODF) formed with tens of unhappy OLF dropouts and
dropouts from Big Gen Kamal Galchu’s faction

2012: Lenco Lata, Lenco Bati, Dima Noggo, Hassen Hussein and Bayan Asoba become
important ODF officials

2012: ODF leaders lecture/hoodwink the general public always on a singe topic “The Oromo Struggle Under the Leadership of the OLF: From Where to Where?”

2012: Obbo Lube Birru appears on radio and says ODF is part of the problem, not a neutral
third-party, to hold anything resembling cross-faction dialogue

2012: Oromo Affairs concludes Jijjiirama renamed itself “Oromo Dialogue Forum”

ODF proposes that it wants to liberate the peoples of Ethiopia, but not the Oromo people specifically. The ODF disowns the Oromo and calls on Oromos to abandon calling themselves Oromos. ODF asks people “why do you call yourselves Oromos?” The ODF leadership believes disowning Oromo is the main selling point of their programs to Ethiopians and the international community. The leaders also deny that they are Oromos–an example is when Dima Noggo said “inde agatami hono Ilu Ababor Gore akebabi new yetweledkut” [by chance I was born in Ilu Ababa Bor around Gore] on Amaharic Esat TV. This might mean that if he were to control his birth, he would choose to be born in Gondar or Tigray or anywhere esle outside Oromia from non-Oromo parents.

So, does Oromo Dialogue Forum stand for Oromo interests or not? The above are the facts, you decide for yourself.
Source: Oromo Press

Ethiopia: Apprehension and Detention of Oromo Nationals on Irrecha Festivals Celebration HRLHA URGENT ACTION

October 5, 2012

The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) is highly concerned about the safety and wellbeing of hundreds of Oromo Nationals who were arrested by the Ethiopian Security forces on the annual Irrecha Festival (Oromo Traditional Thanksgiving) Holiday in central Oromia Regional State in Ethiopia.

According to the information obtained by HRLHA through its correspondents in central Ethiopian, over two hundred Oromo nationals, almost all of whom were the youth, were arrested in a surprise crackdown by armed government forces around the end of the Irrecha Holiday ceremony at Hora (Lake) Arsadi in the Central Oromia City of Bishoftu/Dabra-Zayit on the 30th of September 2012, and taken away to Maikelawi Investigation prison and to unknown destinations. The allegations were that the holiday celebrants chanted some kinds of political slogans along with Irrecha Festival songs.

HRLHA’s informants from Western and Southern Showa also reported that many Oromos who were on traveling to attend the Irrecha Festival Celebration at Bishoftu were pulled out their Buses on September 29, 2012 by the Security forces in towns of Guder, Ambo, Ginchi, Shashemene, Sebata, Dukem and other towns and taken to unknown destinations.

The very ambiguous question, as it has been the case in Ethiopia’s political environment in the past fifteen to twenty years, is as to why political opinions and expressions, if any, become a crime in a country that claims to be democratic. It is very unfortunate that the Oromos and other nations and nationalities in Ethiopia are not able to see signs of democratic political changes even following the change of top political leadership. Among the hundreds of arrestees and detainees, the whereabouts of whom were not yet known, the HRLHA correspondents have been able to get the names and some other relevant information of the following:
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