Drastic and gross human right violation in Ethiopia and neighbor countries

Background

Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa with fast growing population and it has the second largest in Africa next to Nigeria. The country is composed of more than 80 nation and nationalities with corresponding languages. The major ethnic composition which covers the center, the east, west, southwest and southeast of the country is Oromoo nearly constitute 40% of the population followed by the south nation and nationalities and the Amhara people. The incumbent group currently leading the country with iron fist  is from the minor tribe only composed 6% of the country. The current ruling regime of Ethiopia leaded by Meles Zenawi is from Tigray People Libration Front (TPLF) which struggled with the former Derg Regime for 17 years to liberate Tigray People. By the combined force of Eritrea and with the permission of UK and USA they controlled the country 1991 and came to power. The TPLF promised for Ethiopian People to bring democracy and to abide by the rule of  law, and allow freedom of speech, democratic election. However, the TPLF minor group turned into brutal dictator ignoring the will of people and govern by old divide and rule system of apartheid. Now for more than 20 years Meles Zenawi from TPLF group is leading the country with full totalitarian. Any group in Ethiopia which don’t belong to the TPLF group will be a victim politically, economically and morally. Particularly the Oromoo and Amhara group are considered as a treat for Meles Zenawi regime. For  20 years now Meles group is imprisoning, torturing and killing tens of thousands of Oromoo people from all walks of life. Ethiopia which now lead by the TPLF group targeted journalist, opposition parties, government critics.  Any parties, group and individual opposing the government considered as terrorist and treated by the terrorist law enforced in 2009. Many humanitarian organizations, United Nations (http://www.ethiogermany.de/?p=3703), Human Right Watch, Amnesty International, Oromia Support Group,  Horn of Africa Human Right League and others are criticizing the broad terrorist law targeting human right in Ethiopia. (http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,AMNESTY,,ETH,,4c03a82c28,0.htmlhttp://www.amnesty.org/en/region/ethiopia/report-2011

Repressing Systems of TPLF

1. Mass inprosinment of which the majarity more than 90% Oromoo people, journalist, oppostion parties

I. Mass arrest

More than 86, 000 prisoners in Ethiopia of which more than 90% are Oromo People

http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/2010/af/154346.htm#

(http://gadaa.com/oduu/8409/2011/03/17/oromiaethiopia-mass-imprisonments-of-oromos-by-ethiopian-forces/)

II. Urgent action for mass arrest (http://www.omrho.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55:mass-imprisonment&catid=38:urgent-action&Itemid=59)

III. Arrest of journalist and terror law

(http://www.amnesty.org/en/news/ethiopia-terror-convictions-affront-free-speech-2012-01-19)

http://ayyaantuu.com/human-rights/ethiopia-human-rights-work-crippled-by-restrictive-law/

IV. Opposition parties and journalist detention and charges (http://www.amnesty.org/en/news/ethiopia-terror-convictions-affront-free-speech-2012-01-19)

V. Terro law to silence journalist (http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/blog-home-ethiopia-uses-anti-terror-laws-to-silence-critical-journalists/)

2. Evacuating the native people from their own land and land grabbing by TPLF (Gambella, Oromia and Southern Ethiopia). Sources:

I.Survival International. (http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/survival-uncovers-shocking-human-rights-abuses-in-ethiopia/),

II. Oakland Institute Report http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/ethiopia-land-lease-risks-displacement-report/

III.Oakland Institute Report http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/ethiopian-land-grab-acres-for-a-bottle-of-scotch/

IV. Aljazeera Report http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/ethiopias-tribes-cry-for-help/ 

V. http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/scramble-for-ethiopias-land/

VI. Appeal to Pr. Obama to stop land grabbing in Ethiopia by IOWO (http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/appeal-letter-to-president-barak-obama/)

VII. Land grabbing policy of Ethiopia http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/the-effects-of-land-grabbing-policy-of-the-ethiopian-government-on-the-indigenous-farmers/

VIII. Open Democracy (http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/the-great-ethiopian-land-grab-feudalism-leninism-neo-liberalism-plus-ca-change/

IX. Exposed: Ethiopia gives farmland to foreigners while thousands starve 25 July 2011 (http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/7518)

XACT NOW: US Aid to Ethiopia Supports Forced Relocation for Land Grabshttp://www.oaklandinstitute.org/petition)

XI. Colonized India turned into colonizer (http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/new-east-india-cos-0)

XII. Land grabbing by TPLF members more than China, India and others combined

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/tplf-land-grab-in-ethiopia-the-case-of-dr-teame-hadgu/

3. Systematic disappearance, torture and killings ( Mekelawi Prison torture Center in Addis Ababa)

I. http://www.omrho.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=55:mass-imprisonment&catid=38:urgent-action&Itemid=59 

II. Agazi is the federal police force specially trained to quash any opposition in Ethiopia. Agazi is responsible for most of the politically-motivated killings in Ethiopia (http://ayyaantuu.com/africa/woyane-occupied-ethiopia-has-the-highest-homicide-rate-in-east-africa/). During the failed 2005 election, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi openly declared that this force would operate under his direct command.
Gadaa.com

III.June 29, 2011:
In Western Shoa Zone, student Girma Nagassa and 25 other Oromo nationalists, were abducted from their homes by the Federal Police, and their whereabouts had been unknown. Student Girma Nagassa was later found to be in the notorious Maikelawi (Central) Prison and reportedly severely tortured together with another student, Ebbisa Ratessa, whose arrest was never reported by any one, and who was also reported to have been severely tortured.
Gadaa.com

IV.July 12, 2011:
Several Oromo youth, who graduated from different universities in recent years and working at different institutions, were unlawfully abducted by the regime’s forces and disappeared. Among them some of the names and pictures are given below.
1. Gemechu Anbessa Wadessa, BA degree in Accounting + distance learner of ACCA, employee of German Leprosy and TB Relief Association, Finfinne (Addis Ababa).
2. Gemechis Garbaba Gurracho, Diploma in Auto mechanics, Law, and Theology, project manager of the Holota town NGO “Good Samaritan Training Center”.
3. Asfaw Dadhii Tufa, Athelet of ‘Menar Athletics Club’, runner of Marathon and 10,000m running championship.
4. Girma Anbessa Wadessa, graduated with distinction in road construction from “Addis Ababa Tegbare-ed” school, Project Coordinator of Yetinayet Building Construction, Finfinne (Addis Ababa).
5. Ayele Alemu Kana’a, BSC Degree in Computer Science, Self employed in System administration and computer maintenance, Finfinne (Addis Ababa).
6. Shitaye Melaku Kitila, BA degree in Accounting, internal auditor of “Industry and Urban Development”, Qilxu Karra county (Western Oromia).
7. Abinnet Hailu Gebre-Sillase, BA degree in Management, Resource manager of a private company, Finfinne (Addis Ababa).
Teferi Qajela, employee of “Oxfam UK”, Finfinne (Addis Ababa).
Gadaa.com

V.August 3, 2011:
Several Oromo university students, who had joined their families in the summer break, were reportedly abducted and disappeared. The names of some of these students are as follows.
1. Gemechis Yoseph, from Adama University
2. Abdissa Meshesha, from Adama University
3. Obse Bekele, from Adama University
4. Solomon Endalu, from Adama University
5. Kumsa, from Ambo University
6. Moyi Oljirra, from Ambo University
7. Tariku Murmur, from Haromaya University
8. Kumsa, from Haromaya University
9. Ibsa Gemeachu, from Haromaya University
10. Getu Rabira, from Hawasa University
11. Lalise Joba, from Hawasa University
12. Lemi Tasisa, from Teppi University
13. Ahmed Mohammed, from Jima University
14. Anuwar Jundi, from Jima University
15. Lemi Garoma, from Jima University
16. Akalu Kebede, from Jima University
17. Damara Kajela, from Wallaga University
18. Shitaye, from Wallaga University
19. Melka, from Arba Minch University ….. and many others can be read on:

I. Oromoo students jailed, tortured and killed (http://gadaa.com/oduu/11642/2011/11/19/a-chronological-review-of-oromian-students-movement-november-2010-%E2%80%93-november-2011/)

II. Oromoo Students separately targeted by TPLF (http://gadaa.com/oduu/12762/2012/02/23/widespread-violence-against-students/

4. Divide, the nations and nationalities and rule system a new era of apartheid  in Ethiopia, where the people of the same country treated separately due to their belonging to different tribes than Tigreans of TPLF

5. Exclude other tribes apart from Tigray People from major economic sectors (EFFORT Business Group, Mega Business, almost all construction, transport, export and import sectors)

6. Corruption used as a tool to weaken the opposition groups (during election campaign and it become part of their system, Meles Zenawi  currently on parliament speech Feb, 2012 admitted that the ruling party is full of thieves and corrupts).

7. Forcing the critics to leave the country (journalist, opposition party members, investors, scholars has left and leaving the country)

I. Many journalist left the country (http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/ethiopian-journalist-idd-in-wikileaks-cable-flees-country/)

8. Preparing false and fictitious films, dramas to convince the people through ‘their own mouth’ TV and radio I. False accusation on Oromoo (http://wikileaks.ch/cable/2006/10/06ADDISABABA2708.html)

9. Hidden and systematic killing and disappearance of opposition parties, uses HIV/ADIS, car accidents, poisoning individuals and silent shot. Particularly they have applied on Oromoo People (The case of Dambidolloo areas where almost all families directly or indirectly affected by the HIV virus)

10. Instigate clash between ( Oromoo with Sidama, Oromoo with Somale, Gumuz people with Oromoo and Oromoo with Amhara and others) and between religious groups, Muslim and Christian (Jimma and Illubabor areas in 2006, 2007 where many people were died as result, in 2011 in similar area the burings of more than 60 of churches instigated by TPLF security forces to divert the the attention of the uprisings and to get support from west by calling the ‘Islamist’ as a terrorist.

I. Oromoo vs Gumuz conflict. TPLF sided Gumuz to kill Oromoo http://oromooswiss.blogspot.com/2008/05/400-oromo-civilians-are-estimated-to-be.html

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/a-civil-conflict-masterminded-by-the-ethiopian-authorities-have-claimed-4-lives-and-caused-the-displacement-of-more-than-30000-oromos-in-western-oromiya/#more-6769

 II. Sudden attack carried on Oromoo (http://www.sudantribune.com/Hundred-killed-during-clashes,27265)

III. TPLF Orchestrated Conflict between Oromo and Somali Issas (http://www.opride.com/oromsis/news/horn-of-africa/3087-tplf-orchestrated-conflict-between-oromo-and-somali-issas)

11. Sending security agents to neighboring countries to attack refugees particularly Oromoo in Kenya, Somali land, Yemen, Djibouti and others ( Two Oromoo engineers taken from Kenya by TPLF security forces and sentenced to death and to life in prison and many are killed and disappeared)

I. According to OLF News report received from Finfinne (Addis Ababa), the 3rd Bench of the Woyane/Ethiopian Kangaroo Federal Court gave a death sentence to an Oromo nationalist and political prisoner, Mesfin Abebe Abdisa, and a life prison sentence to another Oromo nationalist and political prisoner, Tasfahun Camadaa Gurmessaa, on March 31, 2010. The court also gave a long term imprisonment of 10 years to 12 years to 13 other Oromo nationalists listed below.

1. Masfiin Abbabaa Abdiisaa, Death Sentence, Civil engineer,
2. Tasfaahuun Camadaa Gurmeessaa, Life Sentence, Civil engineer,
3. Baqqalaa Nagarii, 12 years without parole, Businessman in Addis Ababa,
4. Isheetuu Kitil, 12 years without parole, Businessman and owner of the Hawi Hotel (Finfinne),
5. Kabbadaa Booranaa, 12 years without parole, Senior Manager of Hilton Hotel, Addis Ababa,
6. Waabee Hajii, 12 years without parole, Lawyer with the Commercial Bank of Ethiopia,
7. Baqqalaa Jiraataa, 12 years without parole (in Absentia), General Secretary ofOFDM and an employee of Oromia Water Resources,
8. Dajanee Dhaabaa, 12 years without parole, Trader,
9. Dajanee Booranaa, 12 years without parole (in Absentia), Brother of Mr. Kebede Borena,
10. Abarraash Yaadataa, 12 years without parole,
11. Roobaa Gaddafaa, 10 years without parole, Statistician and employee of Hibret Insurance
12. Baayisaa Huseen, 10 years without parole, High School student, Ambo,
13. Lalisee Wadaajoo, 10 years without parole, Journalist and wife of exiled television journalist, Dhabasa Wakjira, himself a former detainee,
14. Olaanii Jabeesaa, 10 years without parole,
15. Haayiluu Dalasaa, 10 years without parole, 3rd year Law student at Haromaya University.


Among Those Targeted: From Left to Right – Mr. Mesfin A. Abdissa, Mr. Tesfahun Chemeda, Mrs. Aberash Yadeta, Mrs. Lelisa Wodajo, Mr. Wabe Haji and Mr. Bekele Jirata

Among the convicted, two of them, Tesfahun Chemeda and Mesfin Abebe, were apprehended by the Kenyan government and handed over to Woyane in April 2007, and have been severely tortured by the regime and finally brought to court in 2008. Many others have been falsely accused and abducted from their homes and their work places.

According to the latest Oromo Support Group Report:

Tesfahun Chemeda and Mesfin Abebe, both civil engineers, were in Nairobi seeking protection with UNHCR when they disappeared from Kenya in 2007. Human rights defenders in Nairobi believed that they had been abducted by Ethiopian security men and/or by Kenyan police in cooperation with the Ethiopian embassy. Their location was not known to their families for two years.

As the government of  Kenya did on Oromoo refugees, if Norway deported 400 Oromoo and Ethiopian refugees back into the hand of tyrant Meles Zenawi the fate of Tesfahun Chemeda and Mesfine Abebe are awaiting them. Before this happen humanitarian Organization should work on to reverse the situation.

12. Using aid money to repress the opposition party supporters ( farmers who don’t support the government don’t receive the food aid, fertilizers and seeds, students graduating from universities don’t get job opportunities without being the member of the TPLF branch party EPRDF. It is unthinkable to be a business man or an investor without supporting the ruling party. 

I. UK aid for repression in Ethiopia. http://africanarguments.org/2011/08/15/ethiopia-and-the-bbc-the-politics-of-development-assistance-by-peter-gill/ 

II. Ethiopia ‘using aid as weapon of oppression’

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/newsnight/9556288.stm); http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NzuQw3DQz4w&feature=player_embedded#!

III. Development Assistance Group Report (DAG) (http://www.hrw.org/news/2010/12/09/ethiopia-development-assistance-group-needs-address-and-human-rights-ethiopia)

13. Now currently targeting refugees who run away to be safe from repression and prosecution in the west countries (Norway) by interning into very shrewd agreement for revenge on January 26, 2012.

I. Meles agreed with Norway government to revenge the  refugee in Norway for their high ranking protest against dictator Meles during October, 2011 in Oslo(http://gabuo.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=905, http://www.andinetusa.org/2011/10/12/the-anti-meles-protest-demonstrations-in-oslo-Norwayhttp://www.ogaden.com/hornnews/ethiopia/1327.html,) then enters agreement after three months (http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/jd/pressesenter/pressemeldinger/2012/returavtale-med-etiopia.html?id=670617).

II. This agreement is an extension of repression on Oromoo Refugess in Horn of Africa (Kenya, Somali Land, Yemen, Sudan and Djibouti) (http://www.hrw.org/news/2012/01/04/somaliland-end-forced-return-refugees).

Yemen’s very terrible abuse on three, five years old Oromoo children (Male children raping) It is hard to believe:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uoHy2tRcHM&feature=youtu.be

III. Hunting refugees in the neighboring countries intensified

(http://ayyaantuu.com/human-rights/persecuted-in-ethiopia-hunted-in-hargeisa/#more-5964)

http://gadaa.com/oduu/13067/2012/03/19/sudan-asylum-seekers-are-entitled-to-protection-not-detention/

14. Mass killings as an indication for genocide on Anuak People, Sidama and Oromoo People

I. Prevent genocide in Ethiopia ( http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/preventing-genocide-in-ethiopia/)

II.  Warning from genocide watch on Ethiopia (http://www.genocidewatch.org/ethiopia.html)

15. Fake elections by which TPLF confused the west to gain support ( 2005, they steal the vote of the people, in 2010 totally they controlled by the dumping the true vote of people and replaced by the fake vote and declared as winner by 99.6%)

I. Human Right Watch Report (http://www.hrw.org/world-report-2010/ethiopia

16. Heavy militarization and using to silence while people are starving 

http://sfbayview.com/2011/western-funded-genocide-ethiopia-and-the-ogaden/

17. TPLF on the sale of poor girls to notorious Arab Countries as a slave more than any time with out any humanity concern.

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2012/03/2012314142844277446.html Alem Dechassaa died to resist deportation into horrible TPLF controlled region Ethiopia, March 14, 2012.

http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Local-News/2012/Mar-14/166626-ethiopian-beaten-on-camera-commits-suicide.ashx#axzz1p6eq1WpL

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/ethiopia/saudi-arabia-45000-maids-to-arrive-every-month-from-ethiopia/#more-616

http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/ethiopian-domestic-worker-alem-dechasa-beaten-on-camera-commits-suicide/

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/middle-east/120314/lebanon-abused-ethiopian-maid-kills-herself

http://www.ethiopianreview.com/content/11156#comments  No change since 2008, the same thing happened in 2009 repeated itself in 2012 on Alem Dechasaa.

17. Destruction of Oromian natural forest using artificial fire. 2000/2001, more than 600,000 hectare of natural forest destroyed by TPLF in Bale, Borana, Harar, Arsi, Jimma, Ilubabor, Showa, Wollega regions of Oromia.

http://oromo.org/enocide-against-the-oromo-people-of-thiopia.html

http://www.pacinst.org/reports/environment_and_terrorism/environmental_terrorism_final.pdf

In March, 2012 similarly TPLF, the savage and wild regime are now burning the remaining natural forest in Oromia.http://ayyaantuu.com/horn-of-africa-news/oromia/bosona-oromiyaa-wayyaanotaan-gubamaa-jiru-dhaamsuuf-namuu-hatattamaan-haa-dirmatu/

18. Human Right Abuses by the TPLF soldiers beyond the boarder

http://allafrica.com/stories/201203290988.html (somalia human right abuse)

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